Wonderfully Fit Personal Training                              

Why Muscles Get Sore

Wonderfully Fit

571 Posts

411 views

0

As people age, they begin to complain more of pains in their muscles and joints. They seem to stiffen up with age, and such commonplace activities as bending over for the morning paper can make them wince.

Such pain can grip so fiercely that they are sure it begins deep in their bones. But the real cause of stiffness and soreness lies not in the joints or bones, according to research at the Johns Hopkins Medical School, but in the muscles and connective tissues that move the joints.

muscles

The frictional resistance generated by the two rubbing surfaces of bones in the joints is negligible, even in joints damaged by arthritis.

Flexibility is the medical term used to describe the range of a joint’s motion from full movement in one direction to full movement in the other. The greater the range of movement, the more flexible the joint.

If you bend forward at the hips and touch your toes with your fingertips, you have good flexibility, or range of motion of the hip joints. But can you bend over easily with a minimal expenditure of energy and force? The exertion required to flex a joint is just as important as its range of possible motion.

Different factors limit the flexibility and ease of movement in different joints and muscles. In the elbow and knee, the bony structure itself sets a definite limit. In other joints, such as the ankle, hip, and back, the soft tissue—muscle and connective tissue—limit the motion range.

The problem of inflexible joints and muscles is similar to the difficulty of opening and closing a gate because of a rarely used and rusty hinge that has become balky.

Hence, if people do not regularly move their muscles and joints through their full ranges of motion, they lose some of their potential. That is why when these people will try to move a joint after a long period of inactivity, they feel pain, and that discourages further use

What happens next is that the muscles become shortened with prolonged disuse and produces spasms and cramps that can be irritating and extremely painful. The immobilization of muscles, as researchers have demonstrated with laboratory animals, brings about biochemical changes in the tissue.

However, other factors trigger sore muscles. Here are some of them:

1. Too much exercise

Have you always believed on the saying, “No pain, no gain?” If you do, then, it is not so surprising if you have already experienced sore muscles.

The problem with most people is that they exercise too much thinking that it is the fastest and the surest way to lose weight. Until they ache, they tend to ignore their muscles and connective tissue, even though they are what quite literally holds the body together.

2. Aging and inactivity

Connective tissue binds muscle to bone by tendons, binds bone to bone by ligaments, and covers and unites muscles with sheaths called fasciae. With age, the tendons, ligaments, and fasciae become less extensible. The tendons, with their densely packed fibers, are the most difficult to stretch. The easiest are the fasciae. But if they are not stretched to improve joint mobility, the fasciae shorten, placing undue pressure on the nerve pathways in the muscle fasciae. Many aches and pains are the result of nerve impulses traveling along these pressured pathways.

3. Immobility

Sore muscles or muscle pain can be excruciating, owing to the body’s reaction to a cramp or ache. In this reaction, called the splinting reflex, the body automatically immobilizes a sore muscle by making it contract. Thus, a sore muscle can set off a vicious cycle pain.

First, an unused muscle becomes sore from exercise or being held in an unusual position. The body then responds with the splinting reflex, shortening the connective tissue around the muscle. This cause more pain, and eventually the whole area is aching. One of the most common sites for this problem is the lower back.

4. Spasm theory

In the physiology laboratory at the University of Southern California, some people have set out to learn more about this cycle of pain.

Using some device, they measured electrical activity in the muscles. The researchers knew that normal, well-relaxed muscles produce no electrical activity, whereas, muscles that are not fully relaxed show considerable activity.

In one experiment, the researchers measured these electrical signals in the muscles of persons with athletic injuries, first with the muscle immobilized, and then, after the muscle had been stretched.

In almost every case, exercises that stretched or lengthened the muscle diminished electrical activity and relieved pain, either totally or partially.

These experiments led to the “spasm theory,” an explanation of the development and persistence of muscle pain in the absence of any obvious cause, such as traumatic injury.

According to this theory, a muscle that is overworked or used in a strange position becomes fatigued and as a result, sore muscles.

Hence, it is extremely important to know the limitations and capacity of the muscles in order to avoid sore muscles. This goes to show that there is no truth in the saying, “No pain, no gain.” What matters most is on how people stay fit by exercising regularly at a normal range than once rarely but on a rigid routine.

muscles
Beginners Guide To Yoga *FREE DOWNLOAD*

 

12 thoughts on “Why Muscles Get Sore

  1. WFbxWZz7

    89215 455155Will you care and attention essentially write-up most of the following in my webpage in essence your web site mention of this blog? 827411

    September 1, 2017 at 9:28 am Reply
  2. you could look here

    836051 909705I do not have a bank account how can I place the order? 636799

    September 1, 2017 at 4:05 pm Reply
  3. TangkasNet

    36086 857729Following study a couple of of the blog articles for your internet site now, and that i really like your method of blogging. I bookmarked it to my bookmark website list and are checking back soon. Pls consider my internet website too and inform me what you consider. 481405

    September 3, 2017 at 8:49 am Reply
  4. borvest inkral

    I take pleasure in, result in I found just what I used to be looking for. You have ended my four day lengthy hunt! God Bless you man. Have a nice day. Bye

    September 5, 2017 at 11:30 am Reply
  5. GVK BIO

    309595 366830Hello! Someone in my Facebook group shared this website with us so I came to appear it more than. Im definitely enjoying the data. Im book-marking and will probably be tweeting this to my followers! Outstanding blog and superb style and design. 806165

    September 6, 2017 at 1:29 am Reply
  6. anchor

    746725 184697Some times its a discomfort within the ass to read what blog owners wrote but this web site is really user pleasant! . 665035

    September 11, 2017 at 9:28 am Reply
  7. Sistem Klinik

    661362 15408You ought to indulge in a contest for among the greatest blogs over the internet. Ill suggest this internet site! 682841

    September 14, 2017 at 8:23 pm Reply
  8. additional resources

    382545 694834I cannot thank you fully for the blogposts on your web page. I know you placed plenty of time and effort into all of them and hope you know how considerably I appreciate it. I hope I will do precisely the same for an additional individual at some point. Palm Beach Condos 240231

    September 24, 2017 at 11:53 pm Reply
  9. zdporn

    I was just looking for this information for some time. After six hours of continuous Googling, finally I got it in your site.

    September 25, 2017 at 3:34 pm Reply
  10. friv

    Your writing style has been surprised me. Thank you, quite great article.

    September 26, 2017 at 6:42 am Reply
  11. SEO chandigarh

    Hello. Cool article. Theres an concern with the website in internet explorer, and you may want to test this The browser may be the marketplace chief and a large element of other folks will miss your wonderful writing due to this problem.

    September 27, 2017 at 1:08 am Reply

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *